Trademarks Examination Manual (TEM)

The Trademarks Examination Manual is designed to serve the needs of the Trademarks Office, particularly staff in the Examination Section, as well as the needs of the public.

This Manual incorporates the interpretation by the Courts of provisions of the Trademarks Act and the Trademarks Regulations.

This Manual is also a reference guide for applicants and agents on how examiners will interpret and apply the provisions of the Trademarks Act and Regulations.

This Manual is a guide only and is not binding on the Trademarks Office. In the case of any inconsistency between this Manual and the legislation, the Trademarks Act and Regulations must be followed.