What is a conservatory measure?
The Superintendent of Bankruptcy puts in place conservatory measures when a bankruptcy or insolvency estate needs protection. It might be in cases of Licensed Insolvency Trustee (LIT) malfeasance or if serious wrongdoing on the part of a LIT puts estate files at risk. Conservatory measures may also be put in place if a LIT becomes ill or dies without a valid succession agreement. Finally, conservatory measures may be put in place if a LIT, for whatever reason, has allowed the administration of his or her practice to become substandard.
In the matter of :
J. Lukca & Associés inc.
Directions for Conservatory Measures
(section 14.03 of the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act)
Whereas the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act (the Act) provides the Superintendent of Bankruptcy with the general power to supervise the administration of all estates and matters to which the Act applies;
Whereas John Lukca is the holder of an individual trustee licence;
Whereas J. Lukca & Associés inc. is the holder of a corporate trustee licence;
Whereas an investigation conducted by the Superintendent of Bankruptcy pursuant to subsection 5(3)(e) of the Act revealed that the trustees' administration presented numerous deficiencies, including those listed below;
The percentage of files open for more than three years exceeded the established standard, thereby requiring that the trustees provide the Superintendent with a plan for closing their files as per the Initiative for the Orderly and Timely Administration of Insolvency Estates (IOTA);
The trustees did not respect the closing plans that they submitted on and or subsequent amendments to those plans;
On , the trustees requested an extension to in order to complete their closing plan, but they did not provide an amended closing plan as requested by the Senior Bankruptcy Analyst in a letter dated and by the Assistant Superintendent, Trustee Compliance, in a letter dated ;
The trustees did not respond to the Official Receiver's requests for information on estate files;
The trustees committed numerous irregularities in the administration of their trust bank accounts and in several aspects of their estate administration;
The trustees did not prove that they had corrected the situation, despite requests to do so;
After being discharged, the trustees made payments to the Superintendent, in the form of levies. These payments were made out of bank accounts that were not listed in the banking report;
The trustees refuse or neglect to adequately render account for their administration;
Whereas the Superintendent of Bankruptcy may, in order to protect estates, exercise the powers set out in subsection 14.03(1) of the Act, under the circumstances anticipated in subsection 14.03(2) of the Act;
Whereas the Superintendent of Bankruptcy has reasonable grounds to believe that the estate files require protection;
Whereas the Superintendent of Bankruptcy has delegated to the undersigned, in accordance with subsection 14.01(2) of the Act, in certain situations mentioned in subsection 14.03(2), the Superintendent's powers as specified at subsection 14.03 (1) of the Act, copies of which delegation are attached, along with copies of subsections 14.01(2) and 14.03(1) to (4) of the Act;
Whereas subsections 14.03(1)a) and b) and (2)b) and c) of the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act apply;
I, the undersigned, Marie Tardif, in my capacity as Delegate of the Superintendent of Bankruptcy, direct:
The Royal Bank of Canada, branch located at 5500 Royal Mount Avenue, Mont-Royal, Quebec H4P 1H7:
- to make no debit, payment or transfer on funds credited to the estate accounts administered by J. Lukca & Associés inc. and listed in Appendix A without the co-signature of Ms. Patricia Couture or Mr. Roger Rousselle or Mr. François Leblanc, in addition to that of Ms. Rochelle Pont Budd or Mr. John Lukca.
- not to pay out of these same accounts any bills of exchange, cheques, bank drafts, certificates of deposit, or other such instruments that may have been issued prior to receipt of these directions but are presented for payment after receipt of these directions, unless said cheques, bills of exchange or bank drafts have been co-signed by Ms. Patricia Couture or Mr. Roger Rousselle or Mr. François Leblanc in addition to Ms. Rochelle Pont Budd or Mr. John Lukca.
- to provide to Mr. Robert Massé by end of day on , a list of all estate trust bank accounts with a balance as of , that are under the name of or controlled or administered by J. Lucka & Associés inc., Trustee in Bankruptcy.
These directions take effect immediately and will stay in place until the trustees have corrected their deficiencies or until further notice;
In accordance with subsection 14.03(3) of the Act, these directions bind their addressees, who must comply with them;
In accordance with subsection 14.03(4) of the Act, a person who complies with these directions is not liable for any act done by the person only to comply with them.
Signed, in the City of Montréal, Québec,
Assistant Superintendent, Trustee Compliance